|Image from Small Farm Permaculture and Sustainable Living|
But there's another reason to sit down and brainstorm where plants should go, and that's a little process called "companion planting".
For those of you, like us, unwilling to utilize harmful chemical fertilizers and pesticides, companion planting is a great, organic way to promote healthy growth and ward off disease. This method encourages the planting of certain plants together because of their complementary properties (repelling certain bugs or illness; or absorbing different nutrients from the ground so there's a healthy balance); and discourages putting other plants in the same space.
For example, broccoli, Brussels sprouts, cabbage, and cauliflower should be surrounded by tansy and thyme to ward off cabbage worms; while nasturtiums will repel beetles and aphids. Conversely, aster flowers can transmit disease to celery so they need to be kept away from each other. Here are a couple companion planting map examples:
|Companion planting map found online|
Below is a chart to help get you started with companion planting.
|Alliums||Fruit trees, Nightshades (tomatoes, peppers, potatoes, etc), Brassicas (cabbage, broccoli, kohlrabi, etc) Carrots||Beans, Peas, Parsley|
|Asparagus||Tomatoes, Parsley, Basil||Onion, Garlic, Potatoes|
|Beans||Potatoes, Carrots, Cucumbers, Radishes, Rosemary, Peas, Corn, Cucumbers, Brassicas, Summer Savory, most other vegetables and herbs||Tomatoes, chili peppers, sunflowers, alliums (onions, garlic, etc), kales (cabbage, broccoli, etc) Gladiola|
|Pole Beans||Corn (see Three Sisters, Summer Savory, Sunflowers||Onions, Beets, Kohlrabi, Cabbage|
|Bush Beans||Potatoes, Cucumbers, Corn,Strawberries, Celery, Summer Savory||Onions|
|Beets||Lettuce, Onions, Brassicas, Kohlrabi||Pole beans|
|Brassicas (Cabbage, Cauliflower,Kale, Kohlrabi, Broccoli)||Aromatic Herbs, Potatoes, Celery, Chamomile, Dill Peppermint, Sage, Rosemary, Beets, Onions, Spinach||Pole beans, strawberries, tomatoes|
|Carrots||Chives, Rosemary, Sage, Radishes, Lettuce, Peas, Onions, Leeks, Tomatoes||Dill|
|Celery||Leeks, Tomatoes, Bush Beans, Cauliflower, Cabbage, Cosmos, Daisies, Snapdragons||corn, Aster flowers, these can transmit the aster yellows disease|
|Chives||Carrots, tomatoes||Peas, beans|
|Corn||Sunflowers, Pumpkins, Beans, Potatoes, Peas, Cucumbers, Pumpkin, Squash||Tomatoes, Celery|
|Cucumber||Beans, Carrots, Beets, Onions, Radishes, Corn, Peas, Lettuce, Dill, Sunflowers, Nasturniums, Marigolds||Potatoes, aromatic herbs|
|Dill||Cabbage, Onions, Cucumbers||Tomato|
|Eggplant||Beans, Peppers, Potatoes|
|Leek||Onions, celery, carrots||Legumes (beans, peas, etc)|
|Lettuce||Carrots with radishes, Strawberries, Cucumbers, Onions|
|Marigold||Plant throughout the garden|
|Oregano||Good to all Vegetables|
|Onion (and garlic)||Beets, Strawberries, Tomatoes,Lettuce, Summer Savory, Chamomile, Leeks, Parsley||Peas, Beans, Parsley|
|Peas||Carrots, Turnips, Radishes, Cucumbers, Corn, Beans, Lettuce, most vegetables and herbs||Onions, Garlic, Chives, Gladiola, Potatoes|
|Potato||Beans, Corn, Cabbage, Horseradish,Marigold, Eggplant (as a lure for the Colorado potato beetle)||Pumpkin Squash, Cucumber, Sunflowers, Tomatoes, Raspberry|
|Radish||Peas, Nasturtium, Lettuce, Cucumber|
|Sage||Broccoli, Cauliflower, Rosemary, Cabbage, Carrots||Kohlrabi, Corn, Potatoes, Fennel, Cabbage|
|Soybeans||Grows/helps with everything|
|Strawberries||BUSH Bean, Spinach, Borage, Lettuce (as a border), Onions||Cabbage|
|Tomatoes||Basil, Chives, Onions, Parsley, Asparagus,Marigold, Nasturtiums, Carrots||Black Walnut, Kohlrabi, Corn, Potatoes, Fennel, Brassicas|
Please contact us at firstname.lastname@example.org with any questions, ideas, or stories about your experiences with this planting method.